National Science Day 2024: History, Significance and Theme

On February 28, we honour Dr. C.V. Raman’s discovery of the Raman Effect through National Science Day. The theme of National Science Day 2024 is ‘Indigenous Technologies for Viksit Bharat’. Explore more about this significant day.

National Science Day 2024

Whenever Professor Jaydeep enters the class, everyone keeps quiet, not because he is a strict one and everyone is afraid of him. But because he is the kind of professor who educates students not only about the course but also about his subjects and what is happening in the world, specifically in science and technology.

Tomorrow, February 27, is National Science Day, so everyone is expecting a good lecture from him about National Science Day 2024.

Professor Jaydeep enters the class and stays quiet, as he always does, before starting to explain anything.

How many of you know what is special about tomorrow? He asks after a while.

20% of students raise their hands. And Prof. Jaydeep points a finger at one of them to answer.

Student A: Tomorrow is National Science Day 2024, which is celebrated to honour Nobel Prize winner C.V. Raman.

Prof. Jaydeep: good. Sit down. And how many of you know why we celebrate this day?

A few students raise their hands. Prof. Jaydeep chooses one of them.

Student B: Because on this day, Dr. C.V. Raman discovered the “Raman effect.”.

Prof. Jaydeep: good. sit down. So, today we will discuss National Science Day’s history and significance and the theme of National Science Day 2024.

In 1928, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman made a discovery known as the Raman effect. This discovery was so significant that he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1930. With this, he became the first Indian to win the Nobel Prize for scientific achievement.

For the recognition of the significance of Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman’s discovery, the Government of India declared February 28 as National Science Day in 1986. and since then, we have been celebrating this day.

So, now let’s talk about his discovery. Can anyone explain what the “Raman effect” is?

One student raises her hand, and Prof. Jaydeep invites her to answer.

Student C: The Raman Effect is a fascinating phenomenon in which light changes wavelength when it interacts with molecules. For example, shine a beam of light through a clean, see-through sample of a chemical compound. Some of the light does not follow the original path but rather scatters in various directions. While the majority of this scattered light retains its original wavelength,. a small portion changes wavelength, which results in what is known as the Raman effect.

Prof. Jaydeep: That was a perfect answer. Sit down.

He continues. As I said earlier, Sir Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize for this in 1930. He won many awards for his contribution to physics. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1924. Night Bachelor in 1929. The Bharat Ratna Award, which is the highest civilian award in India, was given in 1954, and the Lenin Peace Prize was given in 1957.

One student raises his hand and asks the professor: How has it been celebrated, and what is the goal behind it?

Prof. Jaydeep: Good question. You all should know the purpose behind the celebration of this day.

So, National Science Day is celebrated just as a science festival. It depends on the theme. For example, last year the theme was ‘Global Science for Global Wellbeing’. This year, the theme for National Science Day 2024 is ‘Indigenous Technologies for Viksit Bharat’.

Tomorrow, on National Science Day 2024, there will be projects, quiz competitions, debates, seminars, and more on these topics all over the nation, and people will participate in these events. The Indian Department of Science and Technology, the Councils of Science and Technology in each state, the Defense Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), the Institute (CSIR-NEERI), and the Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium all held large-scale celebrations.

On this occasion, our college also has organized debates and quiz competitions tomorrow. So, be prepared for it. This will help to share the message about how important science is in our daily lives. These types of activities also help students who aspire to build careers in science.

I think you all now understand National Science Day 2024 well. Let’s begin our lecture, and remember to prepare for tomorrow’s activities.

Dear Readers,

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1. What is National Science Day?

A. National Science Day is celebrated on February 28th in India to commemorate the discovery of the Raman Effect by Sir C.V. Raman in 1928.

2. What is the theme of National Science Day 2024?

A. National Science Day 2024 theme is ‘Indigenous Technologies for Viksit Bharat’.

3. How is National Science Day celebrated?

National Science Day is celebrated with various activities, such as projects, quiz competitions, debates, seminars, etc. The day’s celebrations vary each year based on the theme, with organizations like the Indian Department of Science and Technology, state councils, DRDO, and educational institutions hosting events to promote science and technology.

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